5 Highly Profitable Categories of Agric Produce in Africa

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The agricultural sector is the backbone of Africa’s economy, providing employment to over two-thirds of its working population and contributing to a significant portion of gross domestic output and exports. Despite this, only around 6% of the continent’s total land area is used for arable land and permanent crops. In this article, we will explore the five highly profitable categories of agricultural produce in Africa, including grains and cereals, fodder and legumes, root crops and tubers, vegetables and fruits, and crops for beverages. Each category presents a unique opportunity for farmers and agribusinesses to boost their profits while contributing to Africa’s economic growth.

1.   Grains And Cereals

In that order of significance, Africa produces all of these major grains: corn, wheat, and rice. Corn is the most widely produced crop, being planted in practically every ecological zone. Egypt and the Indian Ocean islands of Réunion and Mauritius, where agriculture is irrigated, have the highest yields per acre. Millet and sorghum are also grown, although mostly in the continent’s savanna regions. Rice production and consumption have grown in importance in recent years, and they are intimately linked to regions of rising urbanization. Egypt, Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Madagascar are the most prominent rice-producing nations. Wheat farming was traditionally limited to South Africa, North Africa, and Ethiopia’s and Kenya’s highlands, but new cultivars have allowed it to be grown (with irrigation) in savanna nations such as Nigeria.

2.   Fodder And Legumes

Except in the subtropical parts of North Africa and the highland zones of East and Southern Africa, where pure stands of alfalfa (lucerne) are produced, fodder crops are not frequently planted. Berseem (a kind of clover used for pasture) is also produced under irrigation in Egypt and Sudan. Protein-rich legumes are extensively grown, generally in combination with other crops. Velvet beans, cowpeas, soybeans, and lablab are among them (hyacinth beans). Broad beans and vetches are also grown in North Africa. Peanuts (groundnuts) are widely farmed in Western Africa, for both home and export use.

3.   Root Crops And Tubers

Cassava farming has exploded in popularity, particularly in western and central Africa; it has overtaken yam production in many places and is no longer considered a famine reserve. Potatoes are grown at greater elevations in nations like Ethiopia, Kenya, and Madagascar, as well as in North and South Africa’s Mediterranean climatic zones. Sweet potatoes are more common in tropical and subtropical areas, but plantains are often grown in tropical forest zones.

4.   Vegetables And Fruits

Bananas, pineapples, dates, figs, olives, and citrus are among the most essential fruits, while tomatoes and onions are the most important vegetables. Although the banana is widely spread throughout tropical Africa, it is mostly grown as an irrigated crop in Somalia, Uganda, Tanzania, Angola, and Madagascar. The pineapple is also commonly planted as a cash crop in Côte d’Ivoire, the Congo basin, Kenya, and South Africa. The date palm is a common tree in a desert oasis and is widely grown in Egypt, Sudan, and other North African nations. The fig and olive are only found in North Africa, and around two-thirds of the olive crop is used to make olive oil. South Africa’s southern coast and North Africa’s Mediterranean coast, as well as Ghana, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Madagascar, are the primary orange-growing locations. Basin irrigation produces the highest yields. Grapefruit is produced in the most quantity in South Africa, Sudan, and other African countries. Tomatoes and onions are extensively farmed, although the most productive regions are around the Mediterranean coast. Large vegetables like cabbages and cauliflowers are cultivated in the same area, with some quantities sent to southern Europe. Peppers, okra, eggplants, cucumbers, and watermelons are all-important vegetables in tropical Africa.

5.   Crops For Beverages

Africa produces tea, coffee, cocoa, and grapes. Tea is produced mostly in Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique, whereas coffee is produced primarily in Ethiopia, Uganda, Côte d’Ivoire, Tanzania, and Madagascar. Cocoa is a tropical forest crop at its core. Its cultivation is mainly in western Africa, with Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, and Cameroon being the primary producers. All of these crops are farmed primarily for export. Sharp price swings prompted African countries to join international cartels with other producers in an attempt to regulate the market and negotiate better pricing. Grapes are grown throughout northern and southern Africa, mostly for the production of wine for European markets.

Other Profitable Crops

Palm oil and palm kernels are produced by the oil palm, which grows abundantly in the secondary bush in tropical forest zones. Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo all have extensive plantations. Comoros, Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, Mozambique, Nigeria, and Tanzania all rely heavily on coconuts. Kola nuts are mostly farmed in Nigeria, Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, and Liberia’s wooded areas. The cashew tree is cultivated to a limited amount in East Africa and a smaller extent in Western Africa’s coastal regions. Rubber is mainly manufactured in Nigeria and Liberia. In Zimbabwe, Malawi, Tanzania, Nigeria, and South Africa, tobacco is widely grown as an export crop. Sugarcane is also frequently planted, although primarily for home use. South Africa, Egypt, Mauritius, and Sudan are all major producers.

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One thought on “5 Highly Profitable Categories of Agric Produce in Africa

  1. Ehimwenma Oyema Derek says:

    Sir
    I write to express my interest and intention in international Agriculture export farm produced in Nigeria.
    Kindly assist me with information in this regard.

    Your faithfully
    Ehimwenma Oyema Derek

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